11 March 1818 | Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is first published

 

MARY SHELLEY’S FRANKENSTEIN IS FIRST PUBLISHED

11 MARCH 1818

Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is first published in London. First published anonymously, it has never been out of print. It was adapted for the stage as early as 1822 and has become a favourite for depiction in film and television.

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10 March 2017 | Bell makes the first true ‘phone call

 

BELL MAKES THE FIRST TRUE ‘PHONE CALL

10 MARCH 1876

 

Alexander Graham Bell makes the first bi-directional transmission of clear speech. The first words spoken were “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you.” Mr Watson answered and history was made. The first commercial services would start a year later.

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9 March 1932 | Éamon de Valera becomes leader of Ireland

ÉAMON DE VALERA BECOMES LEADER OF IRELAND

9 MARCH 1932

Éamon de Valera becomes President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State. This office would be replaced by the Taoiseach in the 1937 Constitution of Ireland. De Valera was instrumental in moving Ireland from British Dominion to a truly independent republic.

25 November 1491 | The Treaty of Granada is signed

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THE TREATY OF GRANADA COMPLETES  THE RECONQUISTA

25 NOVEMBER 1491

The Treaty of Granada was signed and ratified on November 25, 1491 between Boabdil, the sultan of Granada, and Ferdinand and Isabella, the King and Queen of Castile, León, Aragon and Sicily. The Capitulation of Granada effectively completed the Christian reconquest of Spain.

10 October 1871 | The Great Fire of Chicago burns out

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THE GREAT FIRE OF CHICAGO BURNS THE WINDY CITY

10 OCTOBER 1871

After blazing for a day and a half, the Great Fire of Chicago reduces 3.3 square miles of the Windy City to cinders. Up to 300 people are killed and 100,000 made homeless. Many of the city’s buildings were wooden, providing ready fuel for the intense conflagration.

 

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7 October 1571 | The Battle of Lepanto

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OTTOMAN NAVY DEFEATED IN THE BATTLE OF LEPANTO

7 OCTOBER 1571

A coalition of Spanish and Italian naval forces meet their Ottoman rivals at the Battle of Lepanto. The engagement marks the end of Ottoman expansion in the Mediterranean and cements Spain’s growing reputation as an imperial sea power.